The Powers and Duties of the National Elections Commission (NEC) are contained in Section 2.9 of the New Elections Law of Liberia approved in 1986 and amended in 2003, 2004 and 2014. It states that the Commission, as an autonomous agency of Government, independent of any branch of the Government, shall have the following powers and duties:
To administer and enforce all laws relative to the conduct of elections throughout the Republic of Liberia.
To organize the office of the Commission in manner as may be necessary and practicable for the effective operation of the Commission.
To propose to the National Legislature for enactment, amendment to, and repeal of, any provision of the Election Law.
To give accreditation to, and register all political parties and independent candidates who meet the minimum registration requirement laid down by the Commission, by which authority they may exercise political franchise under relevant provision of the Constitution.
Upon objections made by any person or group of persons, the Commission may reject, and if already registered, revoke the certificate of accreditation of said party or independent candidate, subject to appeal to the Supreme Court of Liberia. The revocation of the application of any proposed political party as a full-fledged political party shall be predicated upon the following factors.
Where a proposed political party or an independent candidate retains, organizes, trains or equips any person or group of persons for the use or display of physical force or coercion in promoting any objectives or interest, or arouse reasonable apprehension that they are so organized, trained or equipped, or by reason of their aims, or conduct or the behavior of their adherents, seek to impair or abolish the free democratic society of Liberia, or to endanger the existence of the Republic, or whose tendency and behavior are inconsistent with the free democratic process of the Republic.
To revoke the registration and accreditation of an already legal party only upon the judicial determination of a court of competent jurisdiction, in accordance with due process.
Conduct all elections for elective public offices including the chieftaincy election and all referenda and declare the results thereof.
Formulate and enforce guidelines controlling the conduct of all elections for elective public offices which guidelines shall not be inconsistent wit the provisions of the Constitution and the Elections Law.
In consultation with the President of Liberia and such other appropriate officials of government appoint all such officials and employees as may be necessary for the effective performance of the duties and functions of the Commission.
In consultation with the appropriate local officials, appoint elections officers in the political sub-divisions of the country who shall perform their duties under the direction and supervision of the Commission and in accordance with the provisions of this little.
Maintain a register of all qualified voters which shall be subject to inspection under the provision of this title.
Establish constituencies in every political sub-division and re-apportion the same when deemed necessary and expedient in accordance with population figure.
Maintain a register of the Constitution, Article of Incorporation and Rules of all political parties and independent candidates and their organizations and any amendment thereto.
Screen all candidates for elective public office and accredit their candidacy, and/or reject the candidacy of anyone who is not qualified under this title and the guidelines laid down by the Commission.
Prescribe the kinds of records to be kept by all political parties and independent candidates and their organizations and the manner in which they shall be kept.
Examine into and audit, or cause to be audited, the financial transactions of all political parties and independent candidates and their organizations by a chartered public accountant who shall not be member of any political party or the organization of any independent candidate.
Be the sole judge of all contests relating to the election results, and the accreditation of all successful members who have been duly elected as President, Vice President, Members of the National Legislature, Vice President, Members of the National Legislature, Paramount, Clan and Town Chiefs and City Mayors with their Common Councilmen. Appeal from the decision of the Commission in any election contest shall lie before the Supreme Court taken in accordance with the provisions of this Title relating to election contests.
Submit annual report to the National Legislature and the President of Liberia on the general operation of the Commission.
Perform such other duties and functions as may be provided by law.
Formulate and enforce guidelines controlling the conduct of all elections for public offices which guidelines shall not be inconsistent with the provisions of the Constitution and the Elections Law.
Upon the nomination of the president, and with the consent of the Senate, the Commission shall commission upon directives of the President, all such officials and employees as may be necessary for the effective performance of the duties and functions of the Commission.
To issue citation for the appearance before it of any political party or its leaders, or other natural persons in connection with any complaint cognizably before it; to issue subpoenas for the purpose of obtaining witnesses in any hearing, including subpoenas ad testificandum and subpoenas ducesteucum; to punish for contempt for any obstruction or disobedience of its orders in an amount not less than the Liberian dollar equivalent of two thousand five hundred US dollars (US$2, 500), nor more than the Liberian dollar equivalent of fifty thousand US dollars (US$50, 00) in the case of a political party, alliance or coalition, or in an amount of no more than the Liberia dollar equivalent of five hundred US dollars (US$500) in the case of a natural person.
To revoke the Certificate of Accreditation of any political party, alliance or coalition, or to impose a fine of not less than the Liberian dollar equivalent of two thousand Five Hundred United States dollars (US$2, 500), nor more than the Liberian dollar equivalent of fifty thousand United States dollars (US$50, 000), or both, with respect to election offences committed by a natural person, according to the gravity or the offences committed.
The NEC will be a credible electoral authority managing public elections for the Liberian People in line with the laws of Liberia and international best practices.
As an independent Electoral Management Body created by the Constitution, the NEC is committed to strengthening democracy and sustainable peace by managing free, fair and transparent elections for the Liberian People.
OUR CORE VALUES
MEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION
The National Elections Commission of the Republic of Liberia as an autonomous public commission established by the Constitution of Liberia comprises seven (7) members, one of whom is Chairman and another is Co-Chairman, respectively. The other five members are called commissioners. with the advice and consent of the Senate, they are appointed by the President and serve a tenure of Seven (7) years each. The current members of the Commission are: